Heartworm and Your Pet


Heartworm is a preventable, but serious and potentially fatal, parasite that primarily infects dogs, cats and ferrets. It can also infect a variety of wild animals, including wild canids (e.g., foxes, wolves, coyotes), wild felids (e.g. tigers, lions, pumas), raccoons, opossums, and pinnipeds (e.g., sea lions and seals), as well as others. There have been documented human infections, but they are thought to be rare and do not usually result in signs of illness.

How is heartworm transmitted and what does it cause?

Heartworms can only be transmitted from animal to animal by mosquitoes.  When a mosquito bites an infected animal, young heartworms called microfilariae enter into that mosquito’s system. Within two weeks, the microfilariae develop into infective larvae inside the mosquito; these infective larvae can be transmitted to another animal when this mosquito takes its next blood meal. Unlike dogs, infected cats do not often have microfilariae circulating in their blood, and an infected cat is not likely to transfer the heartworm infection to another mosquito.mosquito
The infective larvae mature into adult heartworms in approximately six months. During the first three months, the larvae migrate through the animal’s body, eventually reaching the blood vessels of the lungs. During the last three months, the immature worms continue to develop and grow to adults, with females growing to lengths of up to 14 inches. The worms damage the blood vessels, and reduce the heart’s pumping ability, resulting in severe lung and heart disease. When the animal shows signs of illness due to adult heartworm infection, it is called heartworm disease.
If adult worms (5-7 months post-infection) of both sexes are present, they will mate and produce new microfilariae. The microfilariae can cause the animal’s immune system to mount a reaction; this immune reaction can actually cause damage to other organs. This life cycle continues when a mosquito bites the infected animal and becomes infected by the microfilariae. After development
of the microfilariae to infective larvae within the mosquito (10 days to 2 weeks later) the infective heartworm larvae are capable of infecting another animal. Adult heartworms can survive for 5 to 7 years in dogs and several months to years in cats.

Where are heartworms found?

All dogs and cats are susceptible to heartworm infection.
Geographically, heartworms are a potential threat in every state as well as in many other countries around the world. All dogs, regardless of age, sex, or living environment, are susceptible to heartworm infection. Indoor, as well as outdoor, cats are also at risk for the disease. If you plan to travel with your dog or cat to a different part of the country, or another country, ask your veterinarian about the risk of heartworm infection in the area where you are going to relocate or visit.

What pets should be tested for heartworm?

Because heartworms are spread by mosquitoes, any pet exposed to mosquitoes should be tested. This includes pets that only go outside occasionally. Remember that mosquitoes can also get into homes, putting indoor-only pets at risk as well.

How can I tell if my pet has heartworm infection or disease?

DOGS: If your dog has been recently or mildly infected with heartworms, he/she may show no signs of illness until the adult worms have developed in the lungs and signs of heartworm disease are observed. As the disease progresses, your dog may cough, become lethargic, lose his/her appetite or have difficulty breathing. You may notice that your dog seems to tire rapidly after only moderate exercise.
Blood tests are performed by your veterinarian to detect the presence of adult heartworm infection (> 6 month old infections) in your dog. Antigen tests detect the presence of adult female heartworms, and antibody tests determine if your pet has been exposed to heartworms. The antigen test is most commonly performed, and is very accurate in dogs. Further tests, such as chest radiographs (x-rays), a blood profile and an echocardiogram (an ultrasound
of the heart), may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis, to evaluate the severity of the disease, and to determine the best treatment plan for your dog.

CATS: Signs of possible heartworm disease in cats include coughing, respiratory distress, and vomiting. In some cases, a cat may suddenly die from heartworms.

The diagnosis of heartworm infection in cats is more difficult than it is with dogs. A series of different tests may be needed to help determine the likelihood of heartworm infection as the cause of your cat’s illness and, even then, the results may not be conclusive. In general, both antigen and antibody tests are recommended for cats to give the best chances of detecting the presence of heartworms.

How can my pet be treated?

Heartworm is a progressive, life-threatening disease. The earlier it is detected and treated, the better the chances that your pet will recover and have less complications.
DOGS: As with most medical problems, it is much better to prevent heartworm infection than to treat it. However, if your dog does become infected with heartworms, treatment is available. There is substantial risk involved in treating a dog for heartworms. However, serious complications are much less likely in dogs that are in good health and when you carefully
follow your veterinarian’s instructions.
The goal of heartworm treatment is to kill the adult worms and microfilariae present in your dog, as safely as possible. However, when a dog is treated it is important to consider that heartworms are dying inside the dog’s body. While your dog is treated, it will require complete rest throughout hospitalization and for some time following the last treatment. Additionally, other medications may be necessary to help control the body’s inflammatory reaction as the worms die and are broken down in the dog’s lungs.
CATS: There is currently no effective and safe medical treatment for heartworm infection or heartworm disease in cats. If your cat is diagnosed with heartworms, your veterinarian may recommend medications to reduce the inflammatory response and the resulting heartworm disease, or surgery to remove the heartworms.

Can heartworms be surgically removed?

Surgical removal of heartworms from dogs and cats is a high-risk procedure and is typically reserved for severe cases. However, in many cases surgical removal of heartworms may be necessary to afford the best opportunity for the pet’s survival.

Can heartworm disease be prevented?

Heartworm infection is almost 100% preventable in dogs and cats. There are several FDA-approved heartworm preventives available in a variety of formulations. Your veterinarian can recommend the best method of prevention based upon your pet’s risk factors and lifestyle. Of course, you have to remember to give your pet the preventive in order for it to work!
The preventives do not kill adult heartworms, and will not eliminate heartworm infection or prevent signs of heartworm disease if adults are present in the pet’s body. Therefore, a blood test for existing heartworm infection is recommended before beginning a prevention program to assess the pet’s current heartworm status. Because it is more difficult to detect heartworms in cats, additional testing may be necessary to make sure the cat is not infected.

The American Heartworm Society recommends testing pets every 12 months for heartworm and giving your pet a heartworm preventive 12 months a year.
Testing must then be repeated at appropriate intervals. The next test should be performed about 6 months after starting the preventive treatment, to confirm that your pet was not infected prior to beginning prevention (remember, tests only detect adult worms). Heartworm tests should be performed annually to ensure that your pet doesn’t subsequently become infected with the disease and to ensure the appropriate amount of medication is being prescribed and administered. There have been reports of pets developing heartworm infection despite year-round treatment with a heartworm preventive, so having your pet tested regularly is the best way to keep them protected.

Ferrets and heartworm

Ferrets, even those kept indoors, are also at risk of heartworm infection. The signs are similar to those seen in dogs, but they develop more rapidly. Just one worm can cause serious disease in a ferret. Your veterinarian can prescribe heartworm medication approved for use in ferrets. The American Heartworm Society recommends year-round prevention for ferrets.

For more information about heartworm, visit the American Heartworm Society’s website.



Information taken from : 

What You Need To Know About Dog Seizures

Your usual welcome from when you get home from work is absent. Instead your favorite furry friend seems unsteady and confused.Then he flops to the floor. Even though he’s not aware of what is happening, he looks like he’s treading water. He’s having a dog seizure. Your scared for him and don’t know what to do.

If your dog has them often, he may have a seizure disorder. Another name for that is epilepsy.  Abnormal, uncontrolled bursts of electrical activity in your dog’s brain cause seizures, affecting how he looks and how he behaves. Dog seizures can look a lot like a human seizure It can be a twitch or uncontrollable shaking and can last from less than a minute to several minutes.


There are many different causes of dog seizure and can include but aren’t limited to eating poison, low or high blood sugar, kidney disease, anemia or head injury head injury.

Symptoms of dog seizuewa can include collapsing, jerking, stiffening, muscle twitching, loss of consciousness, drooling, chomping, tongue chewing, or foaming at the mouth. Dogs can fall to the side and make paddling motions with their legs. They sometimes poop or pee during the seizure.

Some dogs may look dazed, seem unsteady or confused, or stare off into space before a seizure. Afterward, your dog may be disoriented, wobbly, or temporarily blind. He may walk in circles and bump into things. He might have a lot of drool on his chin and could be bleeding in his mouth if he bit himself. He may try to hide from you as he also doesn’t know what just happened to him and is scared

If you think your dog has had a seizure. Follow these steps.

  1. Stay as calm as you can.  Gently move your dog away from anything that could hurt him.
  2. Don’t attempt to put anything in his mouth or touch near his mouth, he could bite you.
  3. If it’s possible time it.
  4. If it’s lasting for longer than just a couple of minutes he could be overheating. Try and fan him or put cool water on his paws so that he can cool down.


If your dog has a seizure that lasts more than 5 minutes or if he has several in a row while he’s unconscious, take him to a vet as soon as possible.

hurricane irma

Help Pets Affected by Hurricane Irma & Harvey

hurricane irma

Phot Credit: Click On Detroit

As a Result of Hurricane Irma & Hurricane Harvey, Thousands of Animals Need Our Help.

You may be asking yourself; “How can I help these animals that have been affected by Hurricane Irma and Hurricane Harvey?”

  1. Donate to the Humane Society of the U.S.
    • The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) has been working tirelessly with local groups to evacuate animals trapped in
      hurricane irma

      Photo Credit: (RedRover – https://redrover.org/article/resources-hurricane-irma-pet-owners)

      shelters hit hardest by Hurricane Irma and Hurricane Harvey. Over the past couple of weeks, HSUS’s Animal Rescue Team responders helped to transport displaced animals to safety, bring food and supplies to temporary shelters in need, and house newly homeless animals.You can make a financial donation to HSUS here.

  2. Foster a Displaced Pet
    • With Florida and Texas shelters inundated with displaced companion animals, fosters are always helpful. If you have the time and space to host an animal evacuee for a few days, weeks or months, it could mean freeing up space for another cat or dog in need. It is easy to sign up at www.spca.org/foster for Texas and www.spcaflorida.org/foster-program/ for Florida.
  3. Donate Supplies to Shelters in Need
    • Help shelters by donating supplies to those hit by the storms or to shelters taking in flood animals. These shelters typically need wire crates, blankets, dog and cat food, bowls, cat litter boxes and litter, bedding, comfort toys, leashes, and collars. Before donating, make sure to check the shelters’ website and Facebook page to see if they have specific requests for supplies.
  4. Volunteer at a Shelter
    • With an increase in the number of animal shelters in Texas and Florida are taking in right now, they need as much help as they can get. They are working overtime to care for the extra mouths that need feeding and legs that need walking.
  5. Adopt
    • If you’ve been considering adding a new furry family member, now may be the perfect time to do it! All animals deserve loving homes — no matter their circumstances.

To read the full article, click HERE.

keeping pets cool this summer

Tips to Keep Your Pet Cool this Summer

7 Tips to Keep Your Pet Cool this Summer, PetMD

Jessica Remitz

1. Get the Details

There are two major reasons pets get overheated, Dr. Aspros said, hyperthermia and their upper respiratory systems. Hyperthermia occurs when animals are trapped in an environment (like a car or the beakeeping pets cool this summerch on a hot day) that overwhelms their ability to cool themselves. Pets with compromised upper airways, like bulldogs, or an acquired condition like paralysis of the larynx have more difficulty removing heat in their bodies through panting, Dr. Aspros said. These animals often find that, in attempting to cool themselves, they generate more heat through exertion and can fall victim to heat stroke.

Symptoms of heat exhaustion include excessive panting or labored breathing, increased heart and respiratory rate, drooling and mild weakness, according to the ASPCA. More severe symptoms can include seizures, bloody diarrhea and vomiting and a body temperature of over 104 degrees Fahrenheit.

2. Beat the Sun

Pets are smarter than we give them credit for, and prefer staying at home and laying on cool surfaces (like your tiled kitchen floor) in the heat of the day, Dr. Aspros said. Save your outdoor time with your pet for early in the morning or in the evening once the sun has set. By taking your daily walk, run or visit to the park either before or after the sun is at its hottest, the air will be easier for your pet to breathe and the ground will be cooler on the pads of their paws.

3. Find Some Shade

If you do find yourself out in midday with your pet, make sure you keep them out of direct sunlight or give them a shady place to get out of the sun. Remember, your pets don’t wear shoes, so the pads of their paws can be burned walking across particularly hot sand or asphalt, Dr. Aspros said. If it’s extremely warm, keep them indoors as much as possible.

4. Leave Fluffy and Fido at Home

“The classic mistake for owners is leaving a pet in a closed car on a sunny warm day when the temperature in your car can rapidly climb to over 140 degrees Fahrenheit,” Dr. Aspros said. “It’s solar heating that’s the culprit, so you can face serious risks even on a comfortable day.”

The takeaway? As much as your pet may love riding in the car or spending time with you, if it’s hot out and there’s a chance they’ll be uncomfortable the best thing to do is leave them alone. Panting takes more exertion than sweating and can bring your pet to respiratory distress faster than you think, Dr. Aspros said. Avoid any potential issue by keeping them safe and cool at home.

5. Hydrationkeeping pets cool this summer

In addition to overheating, pets can get dehydrated quickly, so you’ll want to make plenty of fresh, clean water available to them. Panting is effective in allowing animals to cool down because it helps evaporate fluids from the respiratory tract, Dr. Aspros said. Help replace these fluids and prevent dehydration by leaving out water or water alternatives throughout the day, particularly when your pet has spent time outside in the heat. Water alternatives are especially great for pets since they replenish electrolytes and taste great.

6. Be Mindful of Certain Breeds, Conditions

If your pet is brachycephalic — or has a flat-shaped face — like Pugs, Pekingese, Boston terriers and Persian cats, they cannot pant as effectively and are more susceptible to heat stroke. Be especially careful with breeds like these in hot weather and keep plenty of water on hand, Dr. Aspros said. The ASPCA also advises that pets which are elderly, overweight and have heart or lung disease be kept in air-conditioned rooms as much as possible in the heat.

keeping pets cool this summer7. To Trim or Not to Trim

Many pet owners, especially cat parents, incorrectly think that shaving their animals in the heat will help cool them down. In reality, the layers of your pet’s coat help to protect them from overheating and sunburn. Trimming long hair is perfectly okay, according to the ASPCA, but it’s unnecessary to do anything else for cooling purposes. Brushing your cat more often to help remove loose fur can also prevent overheating.

To read the full article, click HERE.

cleaning a fish tank

Freshwater Fish Aquarium/Tank Maintenance

How to Clean Your Freshwater Aquarium

Cleaning your aquarium isn’t as hard as setting it up. Monitor the pH levels and visible gunk regularly and change your filter cartridge every two to four weeks. Perform a 25 percent water change every two to four weeks as well. You can use algae scrubbers and other tools to keep your aquarium looking spiffy between cleanings and changes.

cleaning a fish tank1To change the water, turn off the heaters, pumps, and filters and remove all the decorations and plants from the tank. Wash everything in warm, clean water and set them aside. Try not to remove your fish too often when cleaning, as it’ll cause them stress and can make them sick. If you must, gently remove your fish with a net and place them in a large glass or bucket with some of the original tank water.

Using a gravel cleaner or homemade siphon and vacuum the gravel until you’ve removed about one-third of the water from the tank. This should give you ample time to clean almost all of the gravel (and anything you don’t get to you’ll be able to clean next time). Always make sure to replace the old water with fresh, pretreated water that’s the same temperature as the old water.

It’s a good idea to keep all your aquarium supplies together. Setting aside your sponges, towels, buckets, nets, and scrubbers will help prevent the introduction of any harmful pollutants into your aquarium.

How to Clean Your Fishbowl

Fish bowls are a lot like aquariums, but they need to be cleaned much more frequently, especially if they aren’t equipped with a filter. If the fish bowl doesn’t have a water filter, change the water frequently, but only by 10-to-15 percent of it at a time. For small fishbowls, remove the fish and place them in a large glass with enough water from the tank to make them comfortable. Then, follow the above instructions for scrubbing the sides and decorations, making sure to never use soap or detergents.

cleaning a fish tankHow Do You Get Rid of Algae in a Fish Tank?

Algae is bothersome and grows in every aquarium, but you don’t have to wait for your regular aquarium cleanings to get rid of it. Tools such as simple scrubbers or magnetic scrubbers can be used to gently scrub the algae off your tank walls.

How Do You Clean Fish Tank Gravel?

Buy a gravel cleaner from your local pet store, or make your own siphon out of a length of plastic tubing and use a water bucket.

To read the full article, click HERE.

grain free dog food

Is Grain Free Dog Food the Way to Go? – Canine Journal

We thought this article was just too good not to post on our blog! Let us know your thoughts in the comments below!

Kristi Marion, Canine Journal

Chances are you know at least one person who has gone gluten or grain free, who cites the benefits of the Paleo Diet or quotes from the bestselling books Wheat Belly and Grain Brain. Grocery stores have made shelf space for gluten-free pasta, crackers, cereals, cookies, and cake mixes and restaurants offer gluten-free pizza and beer to appeal to grain-free customers. But what about our four-legged fur babies? Learn more about the pros of going grain-free and how it can benefit your pup.

Grain-Free Dog Food History

Long before dog food was scooped from a bag into personalized doggie dishes, canines would hunt and capture raw, protein-rich meals. After all, you don’t see wograin free dog foodlves grazing peacefully in a field of flowers. Just like the theory behind the Paleo Diet for humans, protein-based, grain-free dog foods more closely mimics a canine’s natural or “ancestral” diet as a carnivore. However, with the introduction of mass-produced dog kibble around World War II, inexpensive fillers like corn, wheat and barley were added to dog food to create bulk and keep costs down. Today, most commercial dog foods still list corn or wheat as one of the main ingredients.

But while dogs have evolved from wild animals to Internet celebrities, the canine digestive system is still pretty primitive. Dogs have little natural digestive support for breaking down and metabolizing complex carbohydrates and cereal grains. These difficult-to-digest fibers and grains remain undigested, with the body relying mainly on fermentation to break them down. Over a long period of time, this can damage the lining of the digestive system, resulting in bowel inflammation disorders, food sensitivities, food allergies, leaky gut and obesity.

Does My Dog Have a Food Allergy?

If your pup is presenting these symptoms, talk to your vet. A food allergy could be to blame:

  • Excessive flatulence
  • Loose stool/diarrhea
  • Rash and skin irritations
  • Chronic licking, chewing or biting to relieve itch
  • Vomiting
  • Frequent ear infections

Breeds at Higher Risk for Food Allergies

Some studies also show that the following dog breeds may have a larger chance of developing food allergies:

  • Retriever
  • grain free dog foodBoxer
  • Chinese Shar-Pei
  • Cocker Spaniel
  • Collie,
  • Dachshund
  • Dalmatian
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Miniature Schnauzer
  • Soft Coated Wheaton Terrier
  • Springer Spaniel
  • West Highland White Terrier

What Are the Benefits of Grain-Free Dog Food?

Most vets today recommend that carbohydrates and grains make up a small portion of a dog’s diet (according to Dogster: 50% vegetables/40% meat protein/10% grains). Many grain-free dog foods (especially the moist and freeze-dried grain-free dog foods) contain more protein and animal fats and fewer carbohydrates than their grain-based counterparts and are therefore more easily digested.

Other benefits include:

  • Helps keep dogs fuller longer resulting in eating less frequently (good news because grain-free/high-protein foods can be more expensive)
  • May reduce canine food allergies
  • More energy
  • Fewer and smaller stools
  • Healthier skin
  • Shinier coat
  • Less shedding
  • Better breath
  • Reduced flatulence

Is Grain-Free Food Right for My Dog?

If your dog is perfectly happy and healthy, then you may not need to make any dietary changes. A good rule of “paw”: always consult your vet before making any major changes to your pet’s diet.

grain free dog foodIn the meantime, check out the ingredients label on your dog’s food or the brand’s website. If they list corn, wheat or soy as the first ingredients, you may consider gradually switching to a formula the features protein (usually chicken) as one of the main ingredients.

Tips for Going Grain-Free

If you decide to switch your dog from grain-based dog food to grain-free, don’t go cold turkey. Slowly introduce grain-free and higher protein dog food by mixing it in a little at a time. By gradually increasing amounts over the course of a few weeks, you allow your dog’s digestive system to adjust. During the switch, keep an eye on your pup’s stool to make sure they’re not constipated or suffering from diarrhea.

If you see any major concerns during the switch (hair loss, itching, lack of interest in eating or drinking water, etc.), contact your vet for next steps.

Read the Label: Low-Carb Misconceptions

One misconception is that grain free dog food is also low-carb. However, vegetables such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, green peas and tapioca often replace the grains in grain-free dog foods, especially in kibble foods, making them as high or higher in carbohydrates than grain-based dog foods. And, as mentioned above, vegetables are healthy for your pet and should make up almost half of their diet.

What About Puppies?

Diets high in protein can be damaging to puppies’ kidneys. Note that some grain-free dog food brands only recommend their food for adult dogs, while other brands have formulas for all life stages and dietary needs. Ask your vet to find out what would be best for your puppy.

Alternative Grain Formulas

A healthier alternative on the grain-based dog food spectrum to consider is “single whole grain” formulas. Some dogs with food sensitivities and allergies do well on single-grain dog foods.grain free dog food

Some grain-based dog food brands, such as Blackwood (View Blackwood on Amazon), offer formulas that are more easily digestible for dogs with mild food sensitivities to severe food allergies. Their manufacturing process cooks the grains at lower temperatures for longer time periods than most regular grain based dog foods. This results in more easily digestible grains because they are cooked more thoroughly.

~Kristi Marion, Canine Journal

Microchipping Your Pet, Advice From Your Pet Clinic Little Rock AR

Advice from Your Local Pet Clinic Little Rock AR

With Spring coming very soon, this is the perfect time to Microchip your pet. Some of you may be wondering what “microchipping your pet” means? Here’s the rundown; a microchip is a permanent method of electronic identification for your pet. If your pet were to ever get lost and someone finds them

pet clinic little rock ar

Why Should I Microchip My Pet?

An integral part of assuring your pet’s safety and well-being includes making sure your pet can be identified if he or she is ever lost and found. All three of our clinics can assist you with this through the process of microchipping. Please ask us about this very important service. You may also visit Home Again online at http://public.homeagain.com for more information on this national identification and recovery system.

How is the Chip Inserted into My Pet?

The chip itself is very small – about the size of a grain of rice – and is implanted subcutaneously (just under the skin) between the shoulder blades at the back of your pet’s neck. Each chip has a unique number that is detected using a microchip scanner. The microchip number is recorded in a microchip database registry with details about the animal and owner.”

The procedure is performed at your veterinarian’s office and is simple and similar to administering a vaccine or a routine shot. The microchip comes preloaded in a sterile applicator and is injected under the loose skin between the shoulder blades. The process takes only a few seconds, and your pet will not react any more than he would to a vaccination.

How Does the Microchip Scanner Work?

pet clinic little rock arPet microchips are not tracking devices and do not work like global positioning devices (GPS). They are radio-frequency identification (RFID) implants that provide permanent ID for your pet. Because they use RFID technology, microchips do not require a power source like a GPS. When a microchip scanner is passed over the pet, the microchip gets enough power from the scanner to transmit the microchip’s ID number. Since there’s no battery and no moving parts, there’s nothing to keep charged, wear out, or replace. The microchip will last your pet’s lifetime.

If your pet gets lost and is taken to a vet clinic or animal shelter, your pet will be scanned for a microchip to reveal his unique ID number. That number will be called into the pet recovery service, and you will be contacted using the contact information on file with your pet’s microchip.

Vet Little Rock AR | Pet Clinic Little Rock AR | Veterinarian Little Rock AR

February is National Pet Dental Health Month

pet clinic little rock arDid you know that your pet’s bad breath is caused by bacteria? Your pet’s mouth is full of bacteria. Many of these bacteria will breed on the surface of your dog’s teeth to form plaque. Allowed to remain on his or her teeth, plaque will mineralize and become known as tartar and ultimately calculus. When this tartar and calculus press on the delicate gum tissue, the gums become inflamed and infected, this is known as gingivitis. Eventually, the slow destruction of the pet’s teeth will occur, as gum recession and infection worsen and the tooth is then lost to disease. In addition, bacteria are absorbed into the blood stream and can be carried to other organs. Heart valve infections, kidney problems, and liver problems are frequently caused by dental disease.

To address the significance of oral health care for pets, the AVMA sponsors National Pet Dental Health Month every February. Click on the links below to learn more about how you can improve the dental (and overall) health of your pets.

Brushing Your Dog’s Teeth

pet clinic little rock arInstructions by the AAHA

  1. Place your hand over your pet’s muzzle from the top
  2. Gently squeeze and push his lips on one side between the back teeth (to keep his mouth open)
  3. Pull his head back gently so his mouth opens
  4. Brush his teeth on the opposite side
  5. Repeat this process fo the other side

*The entire process should only take a minute or two. If your dog continues to resist, try gently wrapping him in a large bath towel with only his head sticking out. Above all, avoid stress and keep sessions short and positive.

Brushing Your Cat’s Teeth

pet clinic little rock arInstructions by the Petful

  1. Hold your kitty in your lap and let her get comfortable.
  2. Once she is relaxed, gently raise her lip on one side of her mouth and begin brushing on the outer portions of her teeth. Always brush down away from the gum line so that you loosen any embedded food particles and push them out of the mouth.
  3. On the bottom jaw, brush up away from the gum line. You may need to open her mouth by gently pinching her two cheeks between your two fingers, but cats will generally open up on their own once they taste the toothpaste.
  4. Continue working your way around the outside of her teeth on both sides until you have brushed the entire mouth.
  5. You don’t need to rinse her mouth with anything at this point because the toothpaste is made to be eaten — there are no chemicals that can hurt her tummy. Allow her access to her water bowl once you’re finished.

Can I Have Their Teeth Professionally Cleaned?

Of course! Your pet clinic Little Rock AR offers “Dentistry” as one of our many services. The goal of a professional dental cleaning is to remove the tartar and plaque above and below the gumline. Special dental instruments are used to do this. Ultrasonic scalers, hand scalers, polishers, and sealants are used. Tartar and calculus removal above the gumline is the most important part of this treatment since this is what causes gum recession and tooth infection.

Your pet will need to stay with us for the day. General anesthesia is utilized for this procedure This way, we can properly clean and examine your pet’s teeth. We understand that many people are concerned about general anesthesia, so please give us a call to ask our staff any questions you may have.

Take the AVMA Quiz to Discover How Much You Know About Your Pet’s Dental Health!

How to Keep Your Pets Warm This Winter

little-rock-vets_veterinarian-vet-little-rock-animal-clinic-ar-humane-society-usThis information is brought to you by The Humane Society of The United States. 

Keep them sheltered

Keep your pets inside with you and your family. Under no circumstances should pet cats be left outdoors, even if they roam outside during other seasons. Dogs are happiest when taken out frequently for walks and exercise, but kept inside the rest of the time. Don’t leave pets outdoors when the temperature drops.

If your dog is outdoors much of the day for any reason, they must be protected by a dry, draft-free shelter that is large enough to allow them to move comfortably, but small enough to hold in body heat. The floor should be raised a few inches from the ground and covered with cedar shavings or straw. The doorway should be covered with waterproof burlap or heavy plastic.

Pets who spend a lot of time outdoors need more food in the winter because keeping warm depletes energy. Routinely check your pet’s water dish to make certain the water is fresh and unfrozen. Use plastic food and water bowls; when the temperature is low, your pet’s tongue can stick and freeze to metal.

Bundlittlerock-veterinarian-pet-clinic-maumelle-belleview-treasure-hill-homemade-dog-sweaterle up and wipe down

No matter what the temperature is, wind chill can threaten a pet’s life. Exposed skin on noses, ears, and paw pads are at risk for frostbite and hypothermia during extreme cold snaps. For this reason, short-haired dogs often feel more comfortable wearing a sweater — even during short walks.

Rock salt and other chemicals used to melt snow and ice can irritate the pads of your pet’s feet. Wipe all paws with a damp towel before your pet licks them and irritates their mouth.

Remove common poisonslittlerock-veterinarian-pet-clinic-maumelle-belleview-treasure-hill-homemade-sidewalk-salt

Antifreeze is a deadly poison, but it has a sweet taste that may attract animals and children. Wipe up any antifreeze spills immediately and keep it, like all household chemicals, out of reach. Coolants and antifreeze made with propylene glycol are less toxic to pets, wildlife and family.

Dogs are at particular risk of salt poisoning in winter due to the rock salt used in many areas — often when licking it from their paws after a walk. Store de-icing salt in a safe place and wipe your dog’s paws, even after short walks. If your dog ingests rock salt, call a veterinarian immediately.

Protect your outdoor animals

If there are outdoor cats, either owned pets or community cats in your area, remember that they need protection from the elements as well as food and water. It’slittlerock-veterinarian-pet-clinic-maumelle-belleview-treasure-hill-animal-shelter easy to give them a hand.

Cars are one of many hazards to small animals — warm engines in parked cars attract cats and small wildlife, who may crawl up under the hood. To avoid injuring any hidden animals, bang on your car’s hood to scare them away before starting your engine.

You can also help make your property safer for deer in the wintertime by waiting until after the first week of December to string lights, and after then, only on trees over six inches in diameter. Before the first snow, you should also store summer recreational materials, like hammocks and swings


For more tips on keeping your pets warm this winter, CLICK HERE.

If you have any additional questions, feel free to contact your animal hospital little rock ar with any questions.

Recipe #1 Brought to You By Your Animal Hospital Little Rock, AR

With the holidays here, don’t forget about a special treat for the furry members of the family! Here at your animal hospital Little Rock AR, we love when owners treat their pets with the best!

animal hospital little rock ar

Basic Dog Biscuits


  • 2 ½ cups whole wheat flour (substitute regular flour or oats if your dog is sensitive to wheat)
  • 1 tsp. salt (or less)
  • 1 egg
  • 1 tsp. Beef or chicken Bouillon granules (can substitute beef or chicken broth/stock)
  • ½ cup hot water
  • Bacon or chicken broth, eggs, oats, liver powder, wheat germ, shredded cheese, bacon bits

animal hospital little rock arDirections

  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees
  2. Dissolve bouillon in hot water
  3. Add remaining ingredients
  4. Knead dough until it forms a ball (approximately 3 minutes)
  5. Roll dough until ½ inch thick
  6. Cut into slices or bone shapes (you can purchase a bone shaped cookie cutter to make shapes with)
  7. Place dough pieces on lightly greased cookie sheet
  8. Cook for 30 minutes

This recipe comes from ceasarsaway.com, check them out for more special treats for your pets!