A Peek into Dog Dentistry

We offer dental care at our Little Rock and Maumelle veterinary clinic locations. Dental disease is one of the most common diseases found in dogs and cats. The most common dental problem is known as periodontal disease, which is a term used to describe inflammation or infection of the tissues surrounding the tooth. Accumulation of tartar and calculus contributes to this progressive disease. If left untreated, this can deteriorate your overall dog’s health but also will allow your furry friend to lose their teeth.

Bacteria also plays a huge roll in your dog or cat’s dental health. Did you know that your pet’s bad breath is caused by bacteria? Your pet’s mouth is full of bacteria. Many of these bacteria will breed on the surface of your dog’s teeth to form plaque. If plaque is allowed to remain on his or her teeth, it will mineralize and become known as tartar and ultimately calculus. When this tartar and calculus press on the delicate gum tissue, the gums become inflamed and infected, this is known as gingivitis. Eventually, the slow destruction of the pet’s teeth will occur, as gum recession and infection worsen and the tooth is then lost to disease. In addition, bacteria are absorbed into the blood stream and can be carried to other organs. Heart valve infections, kidney problems, and liver problems are frequently caused by dental disease.

The goal of a professional dental cleaning is to remove the tartar and plaque above and below the gumline. Special dental instruments are used to do this. Ultrasonic scalers, hand scalers, polishers, and sealants are used. Tartar and calculus removal above the gumline is the most important part of this treatment, since this is what causes gum recession and tooth infection.

Your pet will need to stay with us for the day. General anesthesia is utilized for this procedure This way, we can properly clean and examine your pet’s teeth. We understand that many people are concerned about general anesthesia, so please give us a call to ask our staff any questions you may have.