This holiday season, we wanted to give some good advice on what dogs should -and- should NOT eat, which can be hard to monitor with a houseful of guests. Children especially love to give our cute little furry pets secret treasure under the table. It may be a great idea to put our pets in other rooms, along with their favorite treats and some soft music playing while the savory smells and loud voices fill your home. We picked out some ones that we get questioned a lot from a great long list written by Brianna Elliott, RD on Healthline.com
Both raw and cooked carrots are safe for your dog to eat. Carrots are low in calories and a good source of vitamins, minerals and fiber. This makes them a very healthy food for your dog to snack on. Before feeding carrots to your dog, make sure to cut them into bite-size pieces to prevent choking.
Grapes and raisins contain toxic compounds that are harmful to dogs. They have the potential to lead to rapid kidney failure and death (2Trusted Source). Even small amounts of grapes and raisins can make your dog sick, so it’s important to avoid giving them to your dog altogether.
To prevent adverse effects, you should not feed your dog salty foods, such as chips or pretzels. Furthermore, always make sure your dog has water to drink, which can prevent water deprivation.
Peanut butter is a healthy and safe treat for dogs to eat in moderate amounts.
Also, make sure to feed your dog plain, unsalted peanut butter. Peanut butter commonly has extra ingredients added to it, such as salt, which could be harmful to your dog (3Trusted Source).
Cooked eggs are perfectly safe and nutritious for dogs to eat.
One medium egg provides some of almost every vitamin and mineral, plus lots of protein. There are claims that eggs may also help relieve nausea in dogs, although there is no scientific evidence behind this claim.
It is important to note that you should avoid feeding raw eggs to your dog. While dogs typically do not get sick from eating raw eggs, bacteria, such as Salmonella, can spread from the dog to its human owners, increasing their risk of infection (7Trusted Source).
It is widely known that dogs should never eat chocolate.
This is because chocolate contains theobromine and caffeine, two stimulants that dogs cannot efficiently metabolize (11Trusted Source).
If your dog eats chocolate, he may exhibit symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration. These symptoms may lead to more serious complications, such as internal bleeding, muscle tremors, seizures and death (12Trusted Source).
Darker and less sweet varieties of chocolate, such as cocoa powder and unsweetened baker’s chocolate, are more poisonous to dogs than sweetened varieties, such as milk chocolate.
Nevertheless, do not feed your dog any type of chocolate.
Cheese is safe for most dogs to eat in small quantities.
To avoid unpleasant symptoms, it is best to introduce cheese into your dog’s diet gradually. It may also help to only feed your dog low-fat cheeses, such as mozzarella.
Dogs can eat popcorn as an occasional treat, as long as it doesn’t contain any extra ingredients.
Salt is often added to popcorn, which can lead to serious complications if your dog eats too much. Butter and oil are other common popcorn ingredients that are high in fat and may lead to pancreatitis in dogs if over-consumed (3Trusted Source, 11Trusted Source, 19Trusted Source).
For these reasons, it is best to only feed your dog plain, air-popped popcorn.
Popcorn kernels are also a choking hazard and may get stuck in your dog’s teeth, so you should only provide your dog with fully-popped kernels
Pineapple: Can Eat
Fresh pineapple is safe for dogs to eat in small amounts.
Additionally, pineapple is full of many vitamins, minerals and fiber, making it an excellent nutrient-dense snack for your dog (21).
You should never feed your dog onions.
Onions contain N-propyl disulfide, a compound that is toxic to dogs. It can damage your dog’s red blood cells, reducing their ability to carry oxygen through the body. This often results in a condition called anemia (22Trusted Source, 23Trusted Source).
Anemia in dogs is characterized by a variety of symptoms, including lethargy, weakness, decreased appetite and fainting. In severe cases, dogs with anemia may need a blood transfusion (22Trusted Source, 24Trusted Source).
It is important to note that all components and forms of onions are toxic to dogs, even the leaves, juice and processed powders, such as onion powder.
Plain white or whole grain bread is safe for most dogs to eat as an occasional treat.
Before feeding your dog bread, make sure it doesn’t contain any extra ingredients, such as raisins, which could be potentially harmful.
Additionally, keep in mind that bread, along with other foods, adds extra calories to your dog’s diet and may cause weight gain if he eats too much.
Dogs can eat corn in moderate amounts.
Corn is a good source of some vitamins and minerals and common ingredient in many types of dog food. A tablespoon or two of corn per day is an appropriate serving size for dogs (27).
It’s generally safe for dogs to consume green peas.
Green peas are a common ingredient in many types of dog food. Not only do dogs find them tasty, but green peas are also low in calories and high in many nutrients, making them a healthy treat for your dog.
However, only feed your dog fresh or frozen peas, not canned ones. Canned peas are often loaded with salt, which is harmful to dogs in large amounts (3Trusted Source).
Plain oatmeal is safe for your dog to eat.
Oatmeal provides lots of fiber, as well as some vitamins and minerals.
As with all foods, you should feed oatmeal to your dog in moderation to prevent him from gaining weight (4).
Additionally, it is important to only feed plain oatmeal to your dog, instead of flavored oatmeal. Flavored oatmeal may have extra ingredients added to it that could be harmful to your dog.
Apples that have been sliced are safe and healthy for dogs to eat.
However, you should never feed your dog apple seeds, as they contain cyanide, a chemical that can be poisonous in large amounts. You should always remove the seeds before feeding apples to your dog (35Trusted Source).
Broccoli: Can Eat
Dogs can eat raw or cooked broccoli in moderation.
Broccoli is a low-calorie vegetable that contains high amounts of many nutrients, making it a very healthy snack for your dog (36).
However, broccoli contains isothiocyanates, which are compounds that may irritate your dog’s digestive system if he eats too much. Thus, you should only feed broccoli to your dog as an occasional snack (37Trusted Source).
Chicken: Can Eat
Cooked chicken is a healthy food that is safe for most dogs to eat.
Chicken is one of the most common ingredients used in dog foods, as it is an excellent source of protein, which your dog needs to stay healthy. You can feed your dog chicken on its own or combine it with his regular food (38, 39Trusted Source).
It is worth noting that you should always remove chicken from the bone before feeding it to your dog. Chicken bones pose a choking hazard and may puncture his digestive tract.
Additionally, it is important to avoid feeding your dog raw chicken to prevent a Salmonella infection (40Trusted Source).
Sweet Potatoes: Can Eat
Sweet potatoes are a safe and healthy food for dogs to eat in moderate amounts.
You can add a few sweet potatoes to your dog’s regular food or feed them to him as an occasional treat.
Keep in mind that too much vitamin A can lead to bone problems and muscle weakness in dogs. Thus, you should avoid feeding your dog excessive amounts of sweet potatoes (41Trusted Source).
Dogs should never eat xylitol.
It’s a sugar substitute that’s often found in candy, chewing gum, baked goods and toothpaste. When dogs consume xylitol, it may lead to a rapid drop in blood sugar levels and symptoms like muscle weakness and seizures (11Trusted Source, 43Trusted Source, 44Trusted Source).
The effects of xylitol in dogs have the potential to lead to more serious complications, such as liver damage and even death (11Trusted Source).
Pork: Can Eat
Cooked pork without added spices, seasonings or sauces is safe for dogs to eat.
However, you should never feed your dog raw or undercooked pork to prevent a bacterial infection, which can make your dog sick (40Trusted Source).
Furthermore, processed forms of pork, such as ham and bacon, should never be fed to dogs. They’re often extremely high in salt, which can be harmful to dogs (3Trusted Source).
Nutmeg is not safe for dogs to eat.
This is because nutmeg contains myristicin, a compound that is toxic to dogs when consumed in large amounts. It may cause disorientation, increased heart rate, high blood pressure, dry mouth, stomach pain and seizures (47Trusted Source).
You should keep nutmeg out of your dog’s reach and prevent him from consuming baked goods and other foods that contain nutmeg.
Most dogs are able to eat plain turkey without adverse effects.
However, avoid giving your dog turkey that has been seasoned and stuffed to prevent him from eating potentially harmful ingredients, such as onions and garlic.
Additionally, your dog should only eat turkey that is boneless and skinless.
Plain, unsalted peanuts are safe for dogs to eat in small quantities.
Additionally, peanuts often contain added ingredients like salt that could be harmful to dogs. If you feed your dog peanuts, it is best to only give him a few plain peanuts at a time.
Dogs can eat plain potatoes that have been cooked.
However, you should never feed your dog raw potatoes. Raw potatoes contain solanine, a compound that is toxic to dogs. Cooking potatoes reduces their solanine levels (56Trusted Source, 57Trusted Source, 58Trusted Source, 59Trusted Source).
Potatoes should only be fed to dogs in small amounts, as their high carbohydrate content may cause dogs to gain weight if they eat them in large quantities.
All new foods should be introduced into your dog’s diet gradually, so you can monitor for side effects and allergic reactions. Like people, dogs, even the same breed may act differently to different foods. So be careful and aware, we all know how enjoyable it is for you, your family and friends – and your dog to be rewarded with different food this holiday season.